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Ernst Kris

Austrian-American Art Historian and Psychoanalyst

Born:  April 25, 1900 (Vienna, Austria)

Died:  February 27, 1957 (New York, U.S.A.)

The bibliography, “Writings of Ernst Kris,” which appeared in the 1958 issue of The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, lists the citations of Kris’ writings on art history, psychoanalytic theory, Nazi propaganda as well as his review of books.  Abstracts of Kris’ articles, which appeared in The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, can be located in the volume The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, v. 1-25 – Abstracts and Index. Abstracts of Kris’ analytic writings as well as articles pertaining to the analysis of Nazi propaganda can be located in Psychological Abstracts.  Based upon a reading of Kris’ writings, my objectives were to write descriptive annotations, provide a biographical outline, and list Kris’ reviews of books in order to give a complete picture of Kris’ professional work in a single location.  No attempt is made to interpret the readings, but rather to highlight and summarize the major points of Kris’ writings. In addition, collegial reminiscences are not included.

Many of the citations in the “Writings of Ernst Kris” contained errors, however, and many articles were unavailable through interlibrary loan services in the United States. As a result, I worked with several different librarians abroad as well as the Maryland Interlibrary Loan Organization (MILO).   I would like to thank the MILO staff, Dennis van Loon of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Christa Bader-Reim of the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, the National Art Library of Great Britain, and Carol A. Vaeth of Langsdale Library at the University of Baltimore for their assistance in the verification of citations and the acquisition of articles. Finally, I would like to thank John A. Damond, Jr. of the Enoch Pratt Free Library for editing this manuscript as well as Lucy Holman of Langsdale Library at the University of Baltimore for web assistance. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th edition) is used.

Unless otherwise noted, this work is copyrighted by the author. Permission is granted to reproduce and distribute copies of the work for nonprofit educational or library purposes, provided that the author, source, and copyright notice are included on each copy. This permission is in addition to rights of reproduction granted under Sections 107, 108, and other provisions of the U.S. Copyright Act. This item may be further forwarded and distributed in the network, so long as the statement of copyright remains intact.

Joan M. Wolk    []

This site is now maintained by Richard Woodfield at the University of Birmingham.

Visitors to this website might like to know of the new publication by Louis Rose, Psychology, Art, and Antifascism: Ernst Kris, E.H. Gombrich and the politics of caricature, New Haven and  London: Yale University Press 2016.

Louis Rose, Executive Director of the Sigmund Freud Papers at the Library of Congress and  Professor of History in the Departments of History and Political Science at Otterbein University talks about his new book,  Psychology, Art, and Antifascism: Ernst Kris, E. H. Gombrich,, and the Politics of Caricature (Yale 2016), as well as the Sigmund Freud Papers and their newly announced digital archive. The link to the podcast is to be found at: